A recurring spasm of the eyelids that happens involuntarily is known as eye twitching or myokymia. These spasms can feel like gentle tugs on the eyelid or in case of stronger twitches, and eyelids might close altogether. Typically, these repetitive spasms happen in every few seconds for a couple of minutes. There is no fixed schedule or time when your eye will twitch, and it is unpredictable. It may happen just one day, or it may persist for a whole week. While these twitches don’t cause any permanent harm, they can be annoying to deal with.
Causes for Eye Twitching
The causes for twitching of eyelids are not very well sketched out. While there is no single cause for the twitching of eyelids, there are many things that factor into it. Some of the main ones are:
- Irritation in the eye
- Lack of sleep and exertion
- Dry eye
- Too much caffeine
- Improper nutrition
Other than the above-listed reasons, many eye problems and disorders can worsen the twitching. These may include conjunctivitis, natural or chemical irritants, light sensitivity, excessive alcohol consumption, and smoking.
Eye Twitching Treatment
Most eye spasms are short-term or temporary and go away on their own without needing any intervention. Some of the easy ways to prevent eyes from twitching are:
- Reduce everyday coffee or caffeine intake so that the stimulant level in your blood is decreased.
- Get enough sleep to keep your eyes well rested. On average, a person requires 7-8hrs of sleep regularly.
- Try to reduce the stress from your lifestyle by other means like yoga, meditation or exercise. Decreased stress levels will help keep the twitching in cheek.
- Keep the eye lubricated with eye drops or artificial teardrops.
- One eye twitching treatment for the persistent problem is to apply a warm compress over your eyelid if it starts twitching.
- Gently massaging the eyelids with your fingers also helps in addition to the compress.
These simple treatments are something that you can implement at home without much hassle. But for more severe cases, the course of action is different.
Botulinum toxin, commonly known as Botox, is injected to treat this. Botox injections function as a treatment by paralyzing spasming eye muscles. However, the effect of the injections is not permanent, and if the twitching returns, the injection course needs to be retaken. Other treatments involve medication to relax to these eye muscles and even surgical options to alter the nerves and constantly spasming muscles.
There are rare cases when eye twitching requires more severe treatments, and it is usually harmless. If you’ve been suffering from twitching eye frequently, record the instances to show your eye doctor to get proper consultation about the steps you need to take to reduce it.